Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj, son of Shahji Raje Bhosale and Jijabai Bhosale. Maharaj Born on February 19, 1627 and Died on April 3, 1680 as per Gregorian (English) Calendar. As per Panchanga(Marathi Calendar) he was born on 3rd day (Tritiya) during Krishna Paksh in the month of Falgun. Shivaji Maharaj was the founder of Maratha Empire in 1674.
He is greatest hero in India, particularly in the Maharashtra. Using guerrilla tactics well-suited to the rugged mountains and valleys of the region, he annexed a portion of the then dominant Mughal Empire and the Sultanate of Bijapur.
His mother Jijabai Bhosale made an indelible impression on him with her teachings, with her love of the homeland and its people. Shivaji learned much from his father’s failed attempts at political independence, his exceptional military capabilities and achievements, his knowledge of Sanskrit, Hindu ethos, patronage of the arts, his war strategies and peacetime diplomacy. He was inspired and informed by his family’s vision of independence and freedom.
Shahaji’s vision, Jijabai’s and Dadoji Konddeo’s teachings and motivation, and the able training by military commanders such as Gomaji Naik and Baji Pasalkar were the main influences which groomed Shivaji into a brave and fearless military leader as well as a responsible administrator. Young Shivaji, energetic and enthusiastic as he was, wasted no time in setting off on a path of freedom and glory.
At the age of 17 Shivaji Maharaj carried out his first military action by attacking and capturing Torna fort of the Bijapur kingdom, in 1645.