Monday, October 14, 2013

Pancreatic carcinoma

Pancreatic carcinoma is cancer of the pancreas. The pancreas is a large organ located behind the stomach. It makes and releases enzymes into the intestines that help the body absorb foods, especially fats. Hormones called insulin and glucagon, which help your body control blood sugar levels, are made in special cells in the pancreas called islet cells. Tumors can also occur in these cells, but they are called islet cell tumors.

The exact cause of pancreatic cancer is unknown. It is more common in: People with diabetes, People with long-term inflammation of the pancreas, Smokers. Pancreatic cancer is slightly more common in women than in men. The risk increases with age.

A tumor or cancer in the pancreas may grow without any symptoms at first. This means pancreatic cancer is often advanced when it is first found. Early symptoms of pancreatic cancer include: Dark urine and clay-colored stools, Fatigue and weakness, Jaundice, Loss of appetite and weight loss, Nausea and vomiting, Pain or discomfort in the upper part of the belly or abdomen.

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